Singapore – An Industry Leader In Producing High Quality Asian Arowanas

Singapore is currently the only country in the world that is able to breed Asian Arowanas successfully in captivity for commercial sales, aside from the two countries where the Asian Arowanas first originated.

In 1994, Singapore Government’s Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority (AVA) collaborated with local breeding exporters in a captive breeding program. Through a series of research projects and experiments, Singapore’s success was eventually recognized by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Specifies of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES), which grants them exclusive right to trade in a wide variety of captive-bred second filial generation (F-2) Asian Arowanas.

Under strict governance by CITES, there are 35 registered breeders in Singapore to date. Within the Asian Arowana industry, Singapore is known to produce a higher yield of exceptional grade and quality fishes.

One of the main reasons for this success is because of the ongoing research and development in breeding technology that they have invested and introduced to their farming process. Genetic fingerprinting is in use at the moment to assess the genetic diversity of the captive population, which helps improve how these species are managed. DNA markers are used to distinguish among different strains, and between sexes, to allow for better quality control when breeding their fishes. The downside is that this results in higher capital and running costs to keep the farms in operation.


Singapore’s cost of living is also 3 to 5 times higher than Malaysia and Indonesia, which also explains why good quality Singapore bred Arowanas do not come cheap. Breeders in Singapore are conscientious of only breeding super high quality Asian Arowanas. This allows them to command higher prices than their neighboring countries and still remain competitive. Despite the fact that Singapore is not the country where Asian Arowanas first originated, they have established their grass roots early and surpassed their competitors. Many breeding farms outside of Singapore have resorted to replenishing their own breeding inventory with Singapore bred broodstock. The country has become a major hub for ornamental fish trading, specifically for Asian Arowanas.

Many registered breeders in Singapore, including Dreamfish, have obtained pure bloodlines of Asian Arowanas, which are passed down to the fishes that we see today. Prestigious Singapore bred Arowanas retain their esteemed value because they started from a strong bloodline foundation.

Find out how you can order your Singapore bred Arowanas today!


Singapore – The Industry Leader In Advanced Genetics Research


The Asian Arowana is an important and endangered species due to its high monetary value and unusual breeding biology. One of the main reasons why Asian Arowanas are difficult to breed is that it is almost impossible to determine the sex of the fish at a juvenile age – not even by an expert. Sex only becomes apparent after maturity is reached at about 3 to 4 years of age.

Since the early 2000s, Singapore has become the leader in advanced research on DNA and genetic fingerprinting of the Asian Arowana. It helps Singapore breeding farms improve their management techniques when breeding and caring for this species. The numerous studies and researches conducted over the years have allowed breeding farms to significantly improve on quality control when harvesting high quality Asian Arowanas. This is one of the reasons why Singapore bred Arowanas demand higher prices than similar product from neighbouring countries.

The premium quality Arowanas produced is a direct result of the high standards and advanced DNA marking techniques used in farming, which requires higher operational cost.

Find out how you can order your Singapore bred Arowanas today!

Published Research Papers