Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Osteoglossiformes

Family: Osteoglossidae

Genus: Scleropages

Species: S. formosus


The Asian Arowana (Scleropages formosus), commonly known as the “Dragon Fish” or “Asian Bonytongue”. They are highly regarded as the King of the aquatic world due to their immense popularity, high value, beautiful color and stature. The Asian Arowana is a freshwater fish indigenous to Southeast Asia. They inhabit slow moving waters, rivers and streams through dark forested swamps and wetlands. The number of Arowanas in their natural habitat have drastically reduced due to fierce hunting and overfishing for profit. Their high priced value as an aquarium fish has severely impacted their conservation.

Almost reaching near extinction, in 1975, the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES)  declared the Asian Arowana to be an endangered species and have categorized the fish to be protected as Appendix 1. In 1989, CITES began allowing Asian Arowanas to be commercially traded, given they were bred in captivity on a fish farm for at least two generations.

In 1994, Singapore Governments Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority (AVA) collaborated with local breeding exporters in a captive breeding program to become the first country in the world to be certified by CITES for commercial trade.

Today Asian Arowanas are still an endangered species and are considered one of the most expensive ornamental fish in the industry. Bred under license and close monitoring by AVA & CITES, Asian Arowanas are exported internationally from 1 of 3 countries in South East Asia: Indonesia, Malaysia & Singapore. Dreamfish Inc is one of the pioneer breeders in Singapore to have attained a CITES breeding permit to commercially export high grade fish all over the world.

For more information on how to purchase & import an Asian Arowana into Canada, please Contact Us.



The Asian Arowana is a member of the Osteoglossidae family, and have been found in fossils dating back to the late Jurassic Era. They have adapted to the South East Asian warm climates in fresh waters and are incapable of surviving in the Ocean. The spread of Asian Arowanas throughout the South East Asian islands suggest they dispersed before the great continental shift occurred in the Pangaea. Further genetic studies confirmed this hypothesis. They showed the ancestral roots of Asian Arowanas and why they are found in other countries including Australia and South America.

For more information on how to purchase and import an Asian Arowana into Canada, please contact us today!